In Song of Solomon 8:6 jealousy is described as being as "unyielding as the grave." In Deuteronomy 4:24, God is described as "a consuming fire, a jealous God, " giving the idea that he will judge because of his jealousy. When jealousy is used as an attribute of God, it is obviously used in a positive sense. Both times the English word "jealous" appears in Exodus 34:14, this is the Hebrew word. Zealous and jealous share not just a rhyme, but an etymology. zéloó: to be jealous. Therefore, to arouse the jealousy of God is a very dangerous action on our part. Part of Speech: Verb. On the other hand, God's jealousy is based on his love and concern for us. The words zeal and zealous are based on the same root. Disloyalty on the part of Israel is represented as adultery, and as provoking God to jealousy. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine. Both are used in a good and a bad sense--to represent right and wrong passion. For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. "meaning "Can we afford to defy his power?" In Zechariah 1:14, when the Lord is asked why he allows Jerusalem to be down-trodden by the nations, he replies, "I am very jealous for Jerusalem and Zion." The Hebrew word in Exodus 34:14 is קַנָּא, "jealous" (qanna'; Strong's 7067), from קָנָא (qana'; Strong's 7065), "jealous, zealous or envious.". The Hebrew noun is also used to describe a man's jealousy for his wife ( Num 5:14-30 ) and God's passionate anger against sin ( 1 Kings 14:22 ; Psalm 78:58 ). c. 1200, gelus, later jelus, "possessive and suspicious," originally in the context of sexuality or romance (in any context from late 14c. The gods and goddesses of ancient Greek mythology were no strangers to romantic jealousy. Bibliography Information 1. "Entry for 'JEALOUSY'". In 2Corinthians 11:2, Paul declares his deep concern for the Corinthians when he says, "I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy.". This image, along with other idols, caused God to remove his shekinah glory from the temple. jealous (adj.) The language is, of course, anthropomorphic; and it is based upon the feeling in a husband of exclusive right in his wife. People do not express jealousy through a single emotion or a single behavior. Scientists instead define jealousy in their own words, as illustrated by the following examples: of a thing. Both words ultimately come from the Latin zelus “jealousy,” and in the past their meanings were somewhat closer to each other than they are today. Usage: (a) intrans: I am jealous, (b) trans: I am jealous of, with acc. The object of this short paper is to outline the exact meaning of the word and perhaps to begin to suggest how jealousy may be a divine attribute. zeal, ardour in embracing, pursuing, defending anything . The language is based upon the relationship of husband and wife and is frequently associated with Israel's unfaithfulness to God. Phonetic Spelling: (fthon'-os) Definition: envy. Bible Dictionaries - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jealousy, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jealousy, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jealousy, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. phthonos: envy. 1915. In Exodus 34:14 we learn that "the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God." God is conceived as having wedded Israel to Himself, and as claiming, therefore, exclusive devotion. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. General Editor. Jealous definition is - hostile toward a rival or one believed to enjoy an advantage : envious. suspicion of a wife's purity, one of the strongest passions ( Numbers 5:14 ; Proverbs 6:34 ; Cant 8:6 ); also an intense interest for another's honour or prosperity ( Psalms 79:5 ; 1 Corinthians 10:22 ; Zechariah 1:14 ). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Phonetic Spelling: (dzay-lo'-o) Definition: to be jealous. It provided that, when a man suspected his wife of conjugal infidelity, an offering should be brought to the priest, and the question of her guilt or innocence should be subjected to a test there carefully prescribed. When jealousy is attributed to God, the word is used in a good sense. showing extreme cupidity; painfully desirous of another's advantages; "he was never covetous before he met her"; "jealous of his success and covetous of his possessions"; "envious of their art collection" jel'-us-i (qin'ah; zelos): Doubtless, the root idea of both the Greek and the Hob translated "jealousy" is "warmth," "heat." Divine jealousy Greek mythology. Envious or resentful of the good fortune or achievements of another: I felt jealous when my coworker got a promotion. jealous (comparative jealouser or more jealous, superlative jealousest or most jealous) Suspecting rivalry in love; troubled by worries that one might have been replaced in someone's affections; suspicious of a lover's or spouse's fidelity. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. jealous translation in English-Greek dictionary. It is used by those who serve God and see others unjustly withholding the honor owed God. Divine jealousy Greek mythology. λοῦτε — 5 Occ. zealous vs. jealous Being jealous usually involves coveting (greedily desiring) what someone else has, such as material possessions, success, fame—even a romantic partner. [from 13th c.] Protective, zealously guarding, careful in the protection of something one has or appreciates. Transliteration: zéloó. Because of his jealousy, God will restore Jerusalem to its rightful people and will build his temple there (v. 16).This concept is also brought out in context of the last days in joe 2:18: "the Lord will be jealous for his land and take pity on his people." Jealous definition, feeling resentment against someone because of that person's rivalry, success, or advantages (often followed by of): He was jealous of his rich brother. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Probably the most striking example of the anthropomorphic portrayal of God is in those passages where he is said to be jealous. Original Word: ζηλόω. See more. In the good sense, it refers to an ardent concern for God's honor. [from 13th c.] Protective, zealously guarding, careful in the protection of something one has or appreciates. This is followed by the question, "Are we stronger than he? They instead express jealousy through diverse emotions and behaviors, which makes it difficult to form a scientific definition of jealousy. All rights reserved. Olympus, frequently took lovers in addition to Hera. Usage: envy, a grudge, spite. In Romans 10:19, Israel is said to be provoked to jealousy by Gentile nations that receive divine blessings. The Hebrew word qana and its cognates are the most extensively used words for jealousy in the Old Testament. See, e.g., Numbers 25:11 (compare 1 Kings 19:10; 2 Kings 10:16); 2 Corinthians 11:2 (compare Romans 10:2). The same use of the word is recorded in Romans 11:11 because "salvation has come to the Gentiles." 3. The Hebrew word qana [a"n'q] and its cognates are the most extensively used words for jealousy in the Old Testament. The test was intended to be an appeal to God to decide the question at issue. Fearful or wary of losing one's position or situation to someone else, especially in a sexual relationship: Her new boyfriend was jealous of her male friends. Jealous definition: If someone is jealous , they feel angry or bitter because they think that another person... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Both are used in a good and a bad sense--to represent right and wrong passion. It ultimately derives from the Greek zēlos, meaning “zeal” (enthusiastic devotion). Showing page 1. to desire one earnestly, to strive after, busy oneself about, to be the object of the zeal of others, to be zealously sought after. of a person; I am eager for, am eager to possess, with acc. Ezekiel 8:3 describes an idol that was set up in the temple mount "that provokes to jealousy." Original Word: φθόνος, ου, ὁ. In Joshua 24:19, Joshua challenges the people to serve the Lord but reminds them that serving God will be difficult because "He is a holy God; he isa jealous God." The jealousy of God's people for God to receive what He is owed. of In verse 15, he continues to explain that while he intended to punish Israel for her sin, the nations have "added to the calamity." ous (jĕl′əs) adj. When jealousy is attributed to God, the word is used in a good sense. The Corinthian Christians are said to be provoking God to jealousy because of the worship of idols ( 1Cor 10:22 ). Sense is sometimes good, and as provoking God to receive what he is owed,! Something one has or appreciates others unjustly withholding the honor owed God. of. Disloyalty on the other hand, God 's honor ; ezekiel 8:3 describes idol... Scientists instead define jealousy jealous definition in greek the protection of something one has or appreciates the worship idols! 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