Sweet and mild. Most garden soils in Minnesota have higher pH and must be amended. If buying plants online, most likely they will arrive dormant and bare root. Adding sphagnum peat can serve this purpose if the original pH is between 5.5-7.0. Use a fertilizer that includes elemental sulfur. Intense flavor. As the affected areas enlarge, the margins remain reddish and the bark in the central part turns gray and then brown. Website The Berry Patch. It is best to amend the pH with sulfur the fall before planting, because it takes several months for sulfur to change the soil pH. For more information on disease and insect pests, see Pest management for home blueberry plants, Viruses of backyard fruit and Blueberry witches' broom. Blueberry plants grow slowly, which is one reason they live so long. Poor fruit production and general plant failure. They generally move in large groups and a relatively small number of caterpillars can quickly defoliate a blueberry plant. Medium, sky-blue berries. Since sulfur takes months to alter the pH, gardeners wishing to plant immediately may need to create an acidic planting medium to plant into. Keep dormant plants in a dark, cool, moist place until you're ready to plant. Blueberries require a pH between 4.0-5.5. Each winter, prune out old, weak and dead wood. Average yield is based on data collected in east central Minnesota from mature plants, planted in full sun with other varieties, and watered regularly. Medium-large, sky-blue berries. In late April or early May, plant blueberries in a location with well-drained soil and that gets sunlight for at least three quarters of the day. Choosing the right plants and getting creative with soil preparation, however, can bring a bountiful blueberry harvest to the north country. Many blueberry varieties grown in the Upper Midwest were bred for this climate by the University of Minnesota, making them right at home in the Minnesota home garden. It takes a blueberry bush about 10 years to reach mature size, but this also means they will live a long, long time. Avoid layering berries more than a couple inches deep to prevent the lower berries from being damaged. To do this, add elemental sulfur to the soil in the planting area. For more information on this and other disease and insect pests, see Pest management for home blueberry plants. Blueberry plants grow slowly, and they may not seem to get much bigger from year to year. A single application of fertilizer early in the season will encourage plant growth and fruit production. Medium, firm, crisp berries. Choose an organic acid fertilizer, such as one recommended for azaleas and rhododendrons. The bushes are very attractive and will be a beautiful addition to your yard while you wait for fruit. Lay dry berries in one layer on a baking sheet and place in freezer. Plant two or more varieties for successful pollination. This is necessary to ensure healthy, productive plants for years to come. Generally, plan to use the berries within a week or so. Medium, mild flavored berries. Blueberry plants grow slowly, and they may not seem to get much bigger from year to year. Blueberries Minnesota has two native blueberries: common lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium) and velvet-leaf blueberries (V. myrtilloides). Blueberry plants grow slowly and reach full size in 8 to 10 years. Fruit is produced on one-year-old wood. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Firm texture, sweet flavor. They feed on the leaves between the veins, so when they are finished, there is a skeleton of brown fibers where the leaves used to be. Cloud," "Polaris," "Superior" and "Chippewa." Here are some that may infest home gardens. Please be mindful of the potential environmental impacts of peat mining. View on large map. Since these are general guidelines, and every soil responds differently to inputs, submit another soil sample from the planting area about 6 months after planting. The roots will expand outward, so amending the soil in a 2-3 foot wide strip is important to ensure the roots have access to acidic soil. Taste a few berries that look ripe to get a good idea of how ripe fruit looks and feels. Soil amendments don't work quickly enough to fix this in one season.