People who don’t agree with this theory believe that a society’s rights are too complicated to figure out. Ethics and technology: Controversies, questions, and strategies for ethical computing. These four theories fall into one of two categories. Each one of these theories looks at our ethical behavior in different ways. What the majority of people in that society believes is important will drive decisions. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. (2012). Chapter 6 4Classic Theories Of Ethics ByFlickruserVCalsidyrose 2. They say it’s too hard to tell what most people think is important to the whole society, so it’s a messy idea to base decisions on. This process is intended to ensure that the article is accurate, well-researched, and contributes to the body of knowledge in the field. You can access this database from the Library's list of U-databases. Deontological ethics holds that at least some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare. The biggest hole in this theory is that people can change their moral character, and the theory doesn’t take changes in morality into account. The first one, consequential ethics, states that outcomes determine ethical decisions. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties. You will write a report that presents well-reasoned arguments and appropriate recommendations. According to this theory, what we believe our duties are will drive how we act in different situations. There are two sides to this theory. For example, a person who lies and cheats to get ahead in life probably makes decisions based on advancing his or her own interests according to the virtue theory. For Assessment  3, Task 1 - you need to create a simple argument visualisation using the MindMup software. According to this theory, what we believe our duties are will drive how we act in different situations. Act utilitarianism says you will make decisions based on helping others, while rule utilitarianism says you will act out of fairness. The theory of utilitarianism falls into this category because the benefit of decisions is the biggest factor. In nonconsequential ethics, you’ll decide on a situation based on what you believe rather than what may happen. Decision-making tools 4 classic theories of ethics that can help you make moral decisions in journalism. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Comparing consequences can be hard, so some philosophers say that we can’t truly make utilitarian decisions. The ethical theory of virtue states that we can judge a person’s decisions based on his or her character and morality. Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights and duties of each. ...According to the theory, individuals were born into an anarchic state of nature, which was happy or unhappy according to the particular version. The virtue theory can fit into consequential ethics because a person’s reputation can be based on the consequences of his or her decisions. For Assessment  3, Task 2 - your are required to apply the classical ethical theories, from Tavani, H.T. Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question “What ought a person to do?” The answer is that a person ought to act so as to produce the best consequences possible. For example, you won’t lie in a situation if you believe that honesty is important. … Articles published in peer-reviewed or refereed journals have been through a formal approval process. The theory of deontology falls under this type of ethics because people make decisions based on their duty to those around them. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Deontological ethics  In deontological ethics an action is considered morally good because of some characteristic of the action itself, not because the product of the action is good. Ends-based thinking. Therefore, the result of a situation makes that decision OK. For example, it’s ethical for you to tell a white lie if it achieves what you need or want it to. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue. Our rights, such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion, should help us decide how to behave. It says that people base their decisions not on the result but on the values and beliefs that they hold deeply. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Different branches of the study of ethics look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. The way someone lives his or her life can explain any ethical decision according to this theory. 2. Societies that don’t have written laws like our Constitution make this theory less believable, according to some philosophers. Those who don’t agree with this theory believe that nobody can predict outcomes, so we can’t know what the benefits of our actions will be. I’ll name four classical theories in ethics but I’ll cite Wikipedia so you can get started on your research (if need be). For example, we may make a decision based on following the law or based on our loyalty toward friends or family members.A. 3. 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