126, Carew Tower, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1965. Chem. Rev. Eng. 7: 51–54 (1967). 33: 588–593, 607 (1949). Res. Industrial uses of high erucic oils. Pawlowski and J. McAnsh, “Rapeseed— Canada’s ‘Cinderella’ Crop”,Second Edition, Publication No. Magne, E.L. Skau, H.J. Koritala, S., and H.J. 46(5): 136–137, 140, 142 (1969). Tallent and I.A. CAS A word of caution: erucic acid can cause skin inflammation. Humko Products Chemical Division, “Fatty Amides, Their Properties and Applications”, National Dairy Products Corporation, Memphis, 1964, 52 p. Archer Daniels Midland Co., Technical Data Sheet on Adogens 58, 73 and 73-SS, Minneapolis, 1967. Greene, J.L., Jr., E.L. Hoffman, R.E. Eng. Palm and L.P. Witnauer, Polym. Manley and R.J. Holland, Ind. Other potential effects observed in animals – including changes in the weight of the liver, kidney and skeletal muscle – occur at slightly higher doses. 11: 17–22 (1969). U.S. Wolff, W.E. Wolff, I.A., Econ. Chem. Wolff, W.E. Daxenbichler and I.A. Develop. Res. Prod. Daxenbichler, and I.A. Eng. Develop. Wolff, 158th Meeting of the American Chemical Society, New York, 1969, Paper No. Both are relatively high in erucic acid which is promoted as giving them their 'silicone-like slip'. VanEtten, C.H., M.E. 8: 176 (1969). Nieschlag, H.J., W.H. CAS ADS 6: 120 (1967). News 43(41): 101 (1965). Sci. 8: 216 (1969). Google Scholar. Wolff, JAOCS 40: 742–744 (1963). Zuckerman, A., and N.H. Grace, Can. 594A (1965). Nieschlag, H.J., J.W. Both the hydrogenated oil and derived wax esters have properties comparable to commercial waxes. Cosmet. 20(1): 2–5 (1966). It is found primarily in rapeseed oil and mustard oil. Mod, R.R., F.C. American Cyanamid Co., “Factice Vulcanized Vegetable Oil”, Rubber Chemicals Dept., Bound Brook, N.J. (1969). News 42(33): 86 (1964). Alkyl diesters of brassylic, or of the mixed diacids, are excellent low temperature plasticizers. Jojoba contains a chemical called erucic acid, which can cause serious side effects such as heart damage. Perkins, R.B., J.J. Roden III, A.C. Tanquary and I.A. Chem. Palm and L.P. Witnauer, Ind. Wolff, T.C. Wolff, Ind. Prod. Tests on animals show that ingesting oils containing erucic acid over time can lead to a heart condition called myocardial lipidosis. J Am Oil Chem Soc 48, 723–727 (1971). Though rape is not a crop in the United States, another member of the mustard family, crambe, has been recommended by the USDA as a practical crop for domestic cultivation. Eng. Humko Products Chemical Division, Chem. Article News 47(29): 77 (1969). Week 101(11): 69 (1967). Eng. 819 (June 1966). Anonymous, SEARCH, Oils, Fats and Waxes Div. Pattison, D.A., Chem. Burks, Jr., and I.A. CAS volume 48, pages723–727(1971)Cite this article. Used appropriately, however, erucic acid found in mustard oil can be used to soothe aches and pains, and decrease the congested feeling caused by chest conditions such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Lessman, Purdue University Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin, No. Vonasek, F., and E. Trepkova, Chem. 40: 73 (1964). Nieschlag, W.H. Tariff Commission, “Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. Production and Sales, 1967”, TC Publ., 295, U.S. Govt. Useful nitrogen derivatives can be prepared from either the erucic acid or mixed acids from the oil; behenyl amine is used in a corrosion inhibitor, disubstituted amides are effective plasticizers and erucamide is an excellent slip and antiblocking agent for plastic films. Compared to rapessed oil, crambe oil is more suitable for industrial use because it consistently contains a higher percentage of erucic acid. and Eastern Utilliz. AGFD 53. 75(22): 60 (1968). Eng. Wolff, Ibid. VanEtten, C.H., M.E. Wolff, Crops Soils 18(4): 10–12 (1966). Sci. 17: 483–491 (1969). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Product Research Report No. Wolff, I.A., Science 154: 1140–1149 (1966). Pattison, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1968, p. 255. Eng. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02638529, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Shapiro, S.N., in “Fatty Acids and Their Industrial Application”, First Edition, Edited by E.S. Simmons, Trop. Seeds from the brassica family of plants, which includes rapeseed and mustard, in addition to cabbage and kale, all contain varying amounts of erucic acid. Nieschlag, H.J., W.H. 3: 146 (1964). Article 7(2): 28 (1970). Prod. Cohen, S., in “Fatty Acids and Their Industrial Applications,” First Edition, Edited by E.S. 18, Noyes Development Co., Park Ridge, N.J., 1966, p. 109–112. They also boast a 2 yr shelf life. There were two notable consequences to this research. Pattison, Mercel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1968, p. 115. Wolff, J. Agr. PubMed PubMed Google Scholar. High erucic oils, as examplified by crambe, can be employed as lubricants in continuous steel casting, in formulated lubricants and in the manufacture of rubber additives. This monounsaturated fatty acid is present in several oils. Papathanasiou, G.A., and K.J. The high levels of erucic acid made the oil useful in the production of lubricants. Emery Industries, Inc., Chem. 554A. Prod. I've been looking into carrier oils like abyssinian and radish seed for facial care application. No. Anonymous, Fats Oils Situation 250: 41 (Nov. 1969). Res. Mattson, F.H., and R.A. Volpenhein, J. Lipid Res. CAS Develop. Moderate melting points and exceptionally low water absorption are a consequence of this structure. Process Ind. Mustard oil may pose a serious risk because it contains high levels of erucic acid. Dutton, JAOCS 43: 86–89 (1966). Abstr. Chem. Northern Regional Research Laboratory, 61604, Peoria, Illinois, Eastern Regional Research Laboratory, 19118, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, You can also search for this author in Eng. Wolff, W.E. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. 27: 58–61 (1954). Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society Chem. Useful nitrogen derivatives can be prepared from either the erucic acid or mixed acids from the oil; behenyl amine is used in a corrosion inhibitor, disubstituted amides are effective plasticizers and erucamide is an excellent slip and antiblocking agent for plastic films. The low-melting characteristic is an advantage in adhesive uses and facilitates fluidized-bed coating, molding and extrusion; low moisture affinity contributes to excellent electrical properties and dimensional stability. Mattson, F.H., and R.A. Volpenhein, J. Biol. The Carter Bell Manufacturing Co., Chem. Tallent, I.A. Simonds, H.R., and J.M. Erucic acid naturally occurs in oil-rich seeds of species of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Saigo, K., Iron Steel Eng. Morton, M., “Introduction to Rubber Technology,” Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, 1959, p. 167 (1963). Neely, H.C., Chem. Plast. It is best to dilute it with lighter oils or in another solution. 95, 1966, 20 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bulletin, ARS 34-42, 1962, 9 p. Mustakas, G.C., G. Kopas and N. Robinson, JAOCS 42: 550A, 552A.